Cauliflower belongs to the Brassicaceaeor cruciferous family and one of the many vegetables in the species of Brassica oleracea. Cruciferous vegetables provide many health benefits. Regular intake of cruciferous vegetables such as cauliflower can boost the health significantly. Cauliflower is native to Northeast Mediterranean and in the present time United States, France, Italy, India, and China are the biggest producers of the cauliflower.
Cauliflower’s nutritional profile is very impressive. It is highly rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Folate and Fiber. In addition, it is also a very good source of Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Omega-3 fatty acids, and Manganese. Cauliflower is also a moderate source of Potassium, Protein, Phosphorus, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, and Magnesium.
Cauliflower is known for its antioxidant properties and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also helpful in body’s detox system. It is said that cauliflower-containing diets are good for the cancer prevention especially bladder cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and ovarian cancer. Phytonutrients in cauliflower called glucosinolates activates detoxification enzymes and regulate their activity.
Because of the fact that it is strong source of Vitamin K and a good source of Omega-3 fatty acids, it is considered as a very good anti-inflammatory food. Anti-inflammatory support makes it a good for cardiovascular health as well. Anti-inflammatory activity helps to prevent and reduces blood vessel damages.
Cauliflower is good food for digestive system. Glucosinolates in it can help protect the lining of the stomach. Sulforaphane, a substance in cauliflower prevents bacterial overgrowth of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach wall. Heliobacter pylorus is associated with several gastroduodenal diseases including gastritis and gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers and other peptic ulcers
New research showed that cauliflower can be helpful in the prevention and treatment of Crohn’s disease, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, and ulcerative colitis.
Although, cauliflower is not a well-studied vegetable from a health point of view so far, but new researches are going on to unveil more health benefits of this cruciferous vegetable.